“The rise and fall of Marxism is linked with the emergence of the socialist state. It had emerged with the assumption that it would protect the socialist revolution which will ultimately lead to a classless and stateless golden social order. But the directors of the October Revolution suffered from what we call the Platonic Illusion from which all ideologies, whether religious or secular have suffered, namely to create a protective state to guard what they hold as true.
Plato had thought as he watched his dear Socrates being put to death, by the City of Athens, that by creating a Republic he would protect the free quest for truth, a state governed by the wise and the enlightened, under which no other Socrates would be silenced. Plato failed to notice that by the manner Socrates accepted his death he had showed how he regarded himself and his soul as indestructible, that he did not require any other means than of himself and his awareness in order to protect what he stood for.
Marxism in its original vision did not need to externally direct the dialectical movement of history once the transformed state of consciousness of the individual is reached; it is that critical point whereby the individual becomes both the means and the end of revolution.
Marxism reached then its ultimate self-contradiction when the socialist state made its own nuclear weapon. No difference is left between a socialist and capitalistic state. The weapon is indifferent to all ideological differences. For the weapon the individual does not exist. For the weapon only masses of people exist to be wiped out at any time of day and night. The deadly absurd brink has been reached.”
by Professor Hasan Askari (*see also “Towards a Spiritual Humanism : A Muslim – Humanist Dialogue” by Hasan Askari and Jon Avery.